Fracture Toughness Test Methods

Fracture Toughness Test Methods

Fracture Toughness Test Methods


In this article, we will mention about test apparatus solutions for following issues:

What is fracture toughness test?

Fracture behavior,

Ductile vs Brittle Failure modes,

Concentration of Stress at Crack Tip,

Crack Propagation,

Criterion for Crack Propagation,

Crack propagates if crack-tip stress (σm) exceeds a critical stress (σc),

Rate of Fatigue Crack Growth.

The ability of a material to resist the growth or propagation of a pre-existing fault is measured by fracture toughness tests. A fatigue fracture, void, or any other anomaly in the test material could be the flaw or defect. Fracture toughness tests are carried out by machining a test sample with a pre-existing crack and then cyclically applying stresses to each side of the crack to cause it to expand. The cyclic load is applied until the crack in the sample widens. The number of cycles to fracture is kept track of and utilized to assess the fracture development characteristics of the material.

Manufactured materials are not immune to cracks or defects. Our Material Testing fixture designers design lots of types test fixtures that measures the fracture mechanics of both non-ferrous and high-strength ferrous materials to provide manufacturers with valuable information on the allowable stress levels and overall durability of their products.

Types of fracture toughness tests: There are three different mechanisms of fracture for crack propagation in the majority of fracture toughness tests. The applied load in Mode 1 must be in the crack plane's normal direction. In mode 2, the load is applied along the crack plane's length. Finally, in mode 3, the load is delivered across the crack plane's breadth. The test sample can be configured in one of two ways: single edge notch bend (three point bending) or compact tension. The initial crack in a three-point bending specimen is located at the midsection on the opposite side from where the midsection load is applied, with opposing points of force at each end on the same side.

Retrofitmach offers custom designed test fixtures to using for fracture toughness tests according to following test standards:

ISO 15024 test fixture, ISO 15114 test fixture, ASTM D5528 test fixture, ASTM D6115 test fixture, ASTM D6671 test fixture, ASTM D7905 test fixture, EN 6033 test fixture, EN 6034 test fixture, ASTM C1421 test fixture, ISO 13586 test fixture, ISO 15653 test fixture, ISO 15850 test fixture, ASTM E1290 test fixture, ASTM E399 test fixture, ASTM E1820 test fixture, ASTM D5045 test fixture, ISO 25217 test fixture, ASTM E647 test fixture, ASTM E3641 test fixture, ASTM D6068 test fixture, ISO 13954 test fixture, ASTM D5279 test fixture, ASTM D5026 test fixture, ISO 11782 test fixture, ASTM D5045 test fixture, ASTM D5528 test fixture, ASTM D6068 test fixture, ASTM D6671 test fixture, ASTM E1457 test fixture, ASTM E1922 test fixture, ASTM F2136 test fixture, ISO 12108 test fixture, ISO 12135 test fixture, ISO 15850 test fixture, ISO 16241 test fixture, ISO 18756 test fixture, ISO 25217 test fixture, ISO 9017 test fixture.

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* For crack opening measurement, please click here to display COD measurement devices.

* For elevated temperature fracture toughness tests, please click here  to display high temperature furnaces and environmental chambers.

High Temperature Test Furnaces

Retrofitmach offers high temperature test furnaces for high temperature mechanical testing applications; ISO 6892-2, ASTM E139, ASTM D2990 etc.

Composite Test Fixtures

Flexural Bend Test Fixtures

Test Benches

Retrofitmach Test Benches


Retrofitmach integrate the all type of extensometers to customer's existing machines.

Environmental Chambers

Environmental chambers provide wide temperature range testing solutions for measuring material properties under high temperature and low temperature conditions.

ASTM Test Fixtures

ASTM Test Fixtures for composites, biomechanical tests, adhesive tests, peeling tests etc.

Induction Systems for Test Machines

Induction Systems for Test Machines

Grips And Test Fixtures

Retrofitmach produces many kinds of test fixtures depending on customer requirements.